Rome is one of those places that many tourists would like to visit eventually. Rome’s primary attractions are its culture and historic buildings. The Vatican, Pantheon, Trevi fountain, and the Colosseum are frequently at the top of travelers’ lists of must-see attractions.
Along with its well-known cultural attractions, Rome is popular for its home-cooked Italian cuisine, which ranges from fried artichokes to homemade pasta. Italian cuisine is popular among tourists who want to experience it like a local. Rome’s structures and artwork are another magnet for tourists who wish to enter some of the world’s oldest museums.
Here are some places.
The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine
The Flavian Amphitheatre’s silhouette is to Rome what the Eiffel Tower is to Paris. The Colosseum, the largest building from Roman antiquity still standing, continues to serve as a model for modern sports arenas; the shape of today’s football stadiums is obviously inspired by this oval Roman architecture.
Emperor Vespasian began construction on the structure in AD 72, and his son Titus, who served as both his successor and heir, added the fourth floor. Its construction included travertine limestone, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, and it had a capacity of 50,000–80,000 people. The Colosseum hosted celebrations, circuses, plays, and sporting events.
For its 2000 years, the Pantheon, the best-preserved structure from Roman antiquity, is astonishingly unaltered. This is true despite the fact that Pope Gregory III removed the roof’s gilded bronze tiles and Pope Urban VIII had it stripped of its bronze covering and melted down to make the cannons for Castel Sant’Angelo and the canopy over the altar in St. Peter’s.
After a fire damaged the Pantheon in AD 80, it was rebuilt, and the masonry that resulted demonstrates the exceptionally high technical mastery of Roman builders. The building’s nine-meter central entrance serves as the only light source and its 43-meter dome—the pinnacle of Roman interior architecture—hangs suspended without apparent supports. These are well hidden inside the walls.
Despite being the smallest autonomous state in the world, the Vatican is steeped in both history and Christianity. Despite only covering a half square kilometer, there is a lot to see and do there. The only individuals allowed to reside in the city are the Pope, priests, nuns, and a few nobles. As was already noted, there is a lot to discover in the Vatican, and due to its size, most of these attractions are close to one another. Visit the Sistine Chapel, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican Museum, Pinacoteca, Vatican Garden, and Vatican Necropolis.
The Raphael Rooms, Borgia Apartments, Vatican Library, as well as a variety of museums, such as the Picture Gallery, Museum of Secular Art, Etruscan Museum, and others, are all located within the Vatican Palace. You can view collections of anything from papal coaches to 20th-century artwork with religious overtones in these.
St. Peter’s Basilica
This Vatican City church, built in the Renaissance style, is thought to be the epicenter of Roman Catholicism. Inside the church sits Michelangelo’s gloomy but stunning masterwork Pieta. In terms of internal size, St. Peter’s is not only the biggest church in the world; many people also regard it as being among the holiest. There is a strict clothing code in place because of this. Although admission is free, it is prohibited to wear short skirts, bare shoulders, caps, or shorts that go below the knee.
This 17th-century masterpiece is one of the city’s most visited tourist destinations and has been shown so often in movies that a visit is now almost compulsory. It is customary to deposit one coin (not three) into the Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain) to ensure your return to Rome.
The aqueduct that supplies Rome’s grandest fountain, Fontana di Trevi, was first built by Agrippa, the famous art patron of the first century BC, to supply water to his baths. The fountain was built against the back wall of the house of the Dukes of Poli between 1732 and 1751 and was designed for Pope Clement XII by Nicol Salvi.
Being in the centre of a bustling modern metropolis while walking through the forum is like traveling back in time by two millennia to the center of ancient Rome. The standing and fallen columns, its triumphal arches, and the remnants of its walls still impress, especially when you consider that for centuries, the history of the Forum was the history of the Roman Empire and of the Western world. However, what remains of this center of Roman life and government only reveals a small fraction of its original splendor.
Numerous more intriguing ancient buildings can be found here, including the Temple of Saturn, the Arch of Septimius Severus, the House of the Vestal Virgins, the Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina, and the Arch of Titus.